Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology <p>The <em>Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology</em> publishes didactic research papers in knowledge, abilities and skills development of children, adolescents, and students, which focus on motor and verbal learning.</p> <p><strong>The purpose of the journal</strong> is to provide scientific information and introduce the results of applied and fundamental research on didactics of motor and verbal learning, secondary and higher education, and learning psychology.</p> <p> eISSN 2708-7581 | ISSN-L 2708-7573</p> OVS LLC en-US Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology 2708-7573 Development of Students’ Value Attitude to Their Own Health in the Process of Physical Education Under Quarantine <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> identification of the effectiveness of physical education by means of remote technologies for the development of students’ value attitude to their own health in the conditions of quarantine restrictions.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study involved 3,726 first-year students of the Lviv Polytechnic National University of all educational-and-scientific institutes. Research methods at theoretical and empirical levels were used to solve the tasks. At the theoretical level, general scientific methods were used (analysis, systematization, generalization). At the empirical level of the study, a questionnaire was used.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>According to a one-year ascertaining experiment, 30% of students consider improving and strengthening of their health as a medical problem that is limited to treatment only. Nevertheless, 70% of respondents believe that it is possible to positively affect their health in the following ways: prevention of diseases by means of physical education (21%), promoting a healthy lifestyle (21%), setting up for “healthy” behavior by means of physical education (24%). When asked whether distanced physical education classes contribute to the development of value attitudes towards their health, the vast majority of students (81% of respondents) claimed that in this way they received new information that they consider useful for maintaining and improving their health.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> According to the results of the study, it was established that physical education by means of distance technologies contributes to the development of students’ understanding of the need for physical culture, especially in the context of the introduction of quarantine restrictions in higher education institutions. According to the results obtained, the vast majority of students believe that physical education, by means of distance technologies is effective in developing a valued attitude to their own health.</p> Viktor Koryahin Oksana Blavt Copyright (c) 2021 Viktor Koryahin, Oksana Blavt 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 2 2 53 59 10.17309/jltm.2021.2.01 “There are Always Ways to Cheat” Academic Dishonesty Strategies During Online Learning <p>Since the implementation of online learning in various countries in the world, all educational institutions have made new learning adjustments. Universities are educational institutions that have also changed the online learning system. but online learning has an impact on academic ethical behavior.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p><strong>Purpose.</strong> the aims of this study is to determine the behavior of academic dishonesty when online learning is applied, besides that it also examines the strategies of nursing students majoring in academic dishonesty.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> 150 college students participated in filling out an online academic dishonesty questionnaire and we randomly selected 5 nursing students to participate in a focus group discussion to discuss their dishonest behavior during online learning.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Our research shows that academic dishonesty behavior in the form of collaboration is common in online learning. In the process, student learning has strategies for committing academic fraud in various ways, including by downloading a friend’s answer file in the online system by logging in using a standard username and password that is not changed by students. In addition, the student chose to behave dishonestly by imitating his friend’s work by simply changing the name rather than trying to answer the question. and take advantage of the whatsapp group application to collaborate in cheating.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Collaboration in academic dishonesty predominates: one way is by collaborating in online groups to cooperate with each other illegally. We describe several other forms in detail and discuss them.</p> Herdian Herdian Itsna Nurrahma Mildaeni Fatin Rohmah Wahidah Copyright (c) 2021 Herdian Herdian, Itsna Nurrahma Mildaeni, Fatin Rohmah Wahidah 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 2 2 60 67 10.17309/jltm.2021.2.02 Development of Strength Abilities Using Play Techniques with Elements of Martial Arts at the Sports and Recreational Stage in 10-Year-Old Girls <p><strong>The objective of the study</strong> was to examine the level of strength fitness indicators of 10-year-old girls and experimentally test the effectiveness of the impact of play techniques with elements of martial arts on the dynamics of strength development.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were 20 10-year-old girls who do Kyokushin Karate. The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The following research methods were used to achieve the objective set: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing, and methods of mathematical statistics for processing research results.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> There were the biggest changes in the results of the tests “Lying pull-ups” by 51.1% (p &lt; 0.05), “Push-ups” by 34.1% (p &lt;0.05), and “Bent arm hang” by 26.5% (p &lt; 0.05). Somewhat smaller changes were observed in the tests “Right hand grip test” by 10.8% (p &lt; 0.05), “Left hand grip test” by 10.5% (p &lt;0.05), and “Sit-ups in 1 min” by 13.3% (p &lt; 0.05). The lowest increase in the results was observed in the test “Triple jump on the right and left leg” by 6.6% (p &lt; 0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The level of the girls’ strength fitness at the initial stage of the pedagogical experiment conforms to age norms. Most of them are at the average – 40% and above average – 23.6% levels. The remainder of indicators was distributed between the high – 13.6%, below average – 14.3%, and low – 8.6% levels. A comprehensive control of the 10-year-old girls’ strength fitness after the formative experiment showed statistically significant changes in almost all indicators in the experimental group, which used play techniques with elements of martial arts in the following load mode: 5 games, 2 repetitions with rest intervals of 40 s (p &lt; 0.001).</p> Svitlana Marchenko Berdimyrat Handymov Copyright (c) 2021 Svitlana Marchenko, Berdimyrat Handymov 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 2 2 68 74 10.17309/jltm.2021.2.03 Discriminant Analysis: Impact of the Number of Repetitions on the Effectiveness of Teaching Boys Aged 7 Throwing a Small Ball <p><strong>The aim of the study</strong> was to determine the impact of the number of repetitions on the effectiveness of teaching boys aged 7 throwing a small ball.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were 27 boys aged 7, who were randomly divided into three groups of 9 people each. The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment.</p> <p>The study examined the impact of the number of repetitions on the effectiveness of teaching boys aged 7 throwing a small ball at a target. A pedagogical experiment studied the impact of 6, 12, and 18 repetitions with a 60-second rest interval on the increase in the level of proficiency in exercises of boys aged 7. In the first group, the boys repeated the task 6 times with a rest interval of 60 s, in the second group – 12 times with a rest interval of 60 s, in the third group 18 times with a rest interval of 60 s. When teaching throwing exercises during the class, the study assessed the level of proficiency by the alternative method (“performed”, “failed”) and calculated the probability of exercise performance (p = n/m, where n is the number of successful attempts, m is the total number of attempts).</p> <p>In teaching boys aged 7, the method of algorithmic instructions was used. The next exercise started after three successful attempts. Throwing a ball at a vertical target was taught.</p> <p>The study materials were processed by the IBM SPSS 20 statistical analysis software. During discriminant analysis, a prognostic model for group membership was created.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Discriminant analysis made it possible to determine the impact of the number of repetitions on the effectiveness of developing the skills of throwing a small ball at a target; to answer the question as to how significantly the modes of repetition differ by the effectiveness of motor skills development, to which class the object belongs based on the values of discriminant variables.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>Based on the analysis of group centroids, it was found that 12 repetitions of the exercise (6 sets 2 time each with a rest interval of 60 s) significantly influence the increase in the level of proficiency in physical education classes. The results of group classification show that 94.4% of the original grouped observations were classified correctly.</p> Sergii Iermakov Oleg Khudolii Denys Chupikhin Copyright (c) 2021 Sergii Iermakov, Oleg Khudolii, Denys Chupikhin 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 2 2 75 81 10.17309/jltm.2021.2.04