Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology https://www.ltmjournal.com/e <p>The <em>Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology</em> publishes didactic research papers in knowledge, abilities and skills development of children, adolescents, and students, which focus on motor and verbal learning.</p> <p><strong>The purpose of the journal</strong> is to provide scientific information and introduce the results of applied and fundamental research on didactics of motor and verbal learning, secondary and higher education, and learning psychology.</p> <p>Journal for scientists, specialists in didactics, learning psychology, teachers, and lecturers.</p> <p>Three issues per year. Established in 2020</p> <p>eISSN 2708-7581 | ISSN-L 2708-7573</p> en-US editor-in-chief@ltmjournal.com (Olha Ivashchenko) support@ltmjournal.com (Taras Tkachenko) Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0300 OJS 3.3.0.7 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Statistic Course: Can it Improves Numeric Reasoning Ability? https://www.ltmjournal.com/e/article/view/52 <p><strong>Background.</strong> Statistics courses are often one of the courses that must be taught in a college study program. Statistics help students think logically and implement a variety of problem-solving strategies. Statistical learning involves the ability of numerical reasoning to understand data processing and mathematical problems. Will statistics courses be able to improve students’ numerical reasoning?<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p><strong>Purpose.</strong> This study aims to find out the comparison of students’ numerical reasoning skills before and after taking statistics courses.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> A total of 63 students who took statistics courses became a sample. This research uses a quantitative approach. Data collection was conducted over a semester in an online course using a basic proficiency test of numerical reasoning section (α Cronbach = 0.899). The statistical analysis technique used is a Wilcoxon test paired sample.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The results of this study showed an increase in numerical reasoning in students after attending statistics courses (M = 7.50; SD = 1.87; p &lt; 0.05). The results of other related studies were also discussed.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p><strong>Conclusion.</strong> The implication of this study is a statistical course learning model that can be replicated. The increase in numerical ability is also evidence that this ability can be trained with more exposure, the more students will increase their abilities.</p> Fatin Rohmah Wahidah, Fadrilillah Rahwa Putra, Anissa Faoziah Nugrahaeni Copyright (c) 2022 Fatin Rohmah Wahidah, Fadrilillah Rahwa Putra, Anissa Faoziah Nugrahaeni https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.ltmjournal.com/e/article/view/52 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0300 Pattern Recognition: Features of Motor Fitness of 9-Year-Old Schoolchildren https://www.ltmjournal.com/e/article/view/22 <p><strong>The purpose of the study</strong> was to identify the gender-related features of motor fitness of 9-year-old schoolchildren.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study involved 83 9-year-old schoolchildren (35 girls, 48 boys). The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The study used the following research methods: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical observations, testing of motor fitness, probabilistic approach to assessing the learning process, methods of mathematical statistics. In the experiment, the study controlled the level of proficiency in the following exercises: Rope climbing in 2 steps, Rope climbing in 3 steps, One leg swing upward circle.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> In the girls and boys, the differences in the level of development of movement coordination between individual parts of the body and vestibular stability are not statistically significant. The 9-year-old boys have a statistically significantly higher level of development of strength, speed strength, speed, endurance, and a higher level of proficiency in gymnastic exercises and rope climbing than the girls. The obtained canonical function explains 100% of the variation of results and is informative for classifying 8-year-old schoolchildren’s motor fitness (r = 0.937).</p> <p>The analysis of the canonical function indicates its statistical significance (λ = 0.122; p = 0.001).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The canonical discriminant function can be used to classify the gender-relatedfeatures of motor fitness of 9-year-old schoolchildren. The discriminant analysis revealed the indicators that have the greatest weight in assessing the gender-related features of motor fitness of 9-year-old schoolchildren. They include the level of relative strength of the shoulder flexors, speed strength, agility, and the level of proficiency in the One leg swing upward circle on a low bar.</p> Olha Ivashchenko, Yevhenii Skochko, Jerzy Skrobecki, Krzysztof Wnorowski Copyright (c) 2022 Olha Ivashchenko, Yevhenii Skochko, Jerzy Skrobecki, Krzysztof Wnorowski https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.ltmjournal.com/e/article/view/22 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0300 Individualization of the Educational Process of Inclusive Physical Education of Students with Disabilities https://www.ltmjournal.com/e/article/view/53 <p><strong>Background.</strong> The relevance of the study is due to the objective need to increase the effectiveness of РЕ for students with disabilities during their studies in higher education.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p><strong>The study purpose was:</strong> of the article is to identify the effectiveness of the implementation of classes on inclusive physical education for students with disabilities according to the individual program.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The experiment was attended by 30 students of Lviv Polytechnic National University with disabilities (with diseases of the nervous system) during a three-year physical education course, with equal numbers of female and male students participating. To determine the effectiveness of the program of physical education for students with disabilities (with diseases of the nervous system), cardiovascular tests have been used.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> From the standpoint of the general objectives of the study, the results of the experimental study showed the effectiveness of the individual approach in the choice of correctional and developmental means of inclusive physical education for students with disabilities. After the course, we observe stabilization with a tendency to regression of autonomic disorders, and improvement of peripheral hemodynamics, against the background of reducing the clinical manifestations of diseases of the nervous system in students of the study sample.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>It is proved that the main reason for the introduction of an individualized approach to inclusive physical education of students with disabilities is the provision that this process should focus on the individual health of each student and the ability to eliminate existing deviations by physical education, and thus achieve the highest results in such activities. Analysis of research and educational practice gives grounds to conclude that such an approach in physical education, namely taking into account the individual characteristics of a contingent of students with disabilities, identifies new prospects for inclusive physical education of students in higher education in general.</p> Oksana Blavt Copyright (c) 2022 Oksana Blavt https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.ltmjournal.com/e/article/view/53 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0300 Technology of Formation of Psychological Climate in Team Sports Games (on the Material of Volleyball) https://www.ltmjournal.com/e/article/view/55 <p><strong>Purpose of the work</strong> – scientifically substantiate the technology of forming the optimal psychological climate in volleyball to increase the effectiveness of competitive activities of athletes.</p> <p><strong>Material and methods.</strong> The experimental studies involved 25 qualified volleyball players - 13 athletes of VC “Orbita‑ZNU-RCYSS” (Zaporizhzhya), main group, and 12 athletes of VC “Polissya-SНSM-ZhDU (Zhytomyr), control group. Analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature and the Internet; method “Diagnosis of personality for motivation to succeed” (by T. Ehlers); method “Assessment of moral and psychological climate in the team” (according to L. Lutoshkin); method “Assessment of the psychological atmosphere in the team” (according to L. Zhedunova). Analysis and evaluation of competitive performance indicators. Pedagogical experiment. Statistical analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The developed technology of optimization of psychological climate in volleyball contains the corresponding terms of application in a macrocycle of preparation: four consecutive developing complexes of psychological means (exercises, games and trainings). The technology of optimization of the psychological climate in the sports team of qualified volleyball players included specially developed psychological and pedagogical tasks, exercises, situational role-playing games. Interpretation and generalization of experimental research indicators allows us to state that the athletes of VC “Orbita-ZNU-RCYSS” (Zaporizhzhya) in 80% of cases have a tendency to correlate the indicators of optimizing the psychological climate and increase the effectiveness of competitive activities.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The developed technology of optimization of psychological climate in volleyball contains the corresponding terms of application in a macrocycle of preparation: four consecutive developing complexes of psychological means (exercises, games and trainings). The technology of optimization of the psychological climate in the sports team of qualified volleyball players included specially developed psychological and pedagogical tasks, exercises, situational role-playing games. Interpretation and generalization of experimental research indicators allows us to state that the athletes of VC “Orbita-ZNU-RCYSS” (Zaporizhzhya) in 80% of cases have a tendency to correlate the indicators of optimizing the psychological climate and increase the effectiveness of competitive activities.</p> Eduard Doroshenko, Irina Oliinyk, Mykhaylo Melnyk, Mykhaylo Oliinyk, Oleksiy Sheviakov Copyright (c) 2022 Eduard Doroshenko, Irina Oliinyk, Mykhaylo Melnyk, Mykhaylo Oliinyk, Oleksiy Sheviakov https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.ltmjournal.com/e/article/view/55 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0300 Formation of Motor Skills in Athletes in Bullet Shooting at the Initial Stage of Training https://www.ltmjournal.com/e/article/view/56 <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>The purpose of the study</strong> – to describe the peculiarities of the formation of motor skills in athletes in bullet shooting at the initial stage of training.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The following research methods were used to solve the tasks: analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical observations, processing of results. The analysis of the scientific and methodological literature made it possible to establish that in the technical training of young shooters the available general information is given without specifying the use of tools and methods for learning motor skills. The pedagogical observation was used to study the peculiarities of learning the technique of performing bullet shooting elements, as well as mastering motor skills.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Results.</strong> The analysis of educational and training activities allowed to determine that learning to master the technical elements of shooting athletes at the stage of initial training requires the use of modern methods and tools. A number of educational and methodological documents were analyzed: the curriculum for the training of archery for children and youth sports schools, specialized children and youth schools of the Olympic reserve, schools of higher sportsmanship and educational institutions of sports profile; specialized literature on shooter training. In the process of analysis it was determined that the technical training of athletes occupies a significant share of the duration of the training process, and requires the use of an increased arsenal of additional tools for the effective study of shooting techniques.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusions.</strong> A detailed analysis of the specialized educational and methodological literature for the training of shooters revealed that in the group of initial training technical training is characterized by studying the basics of elements of shooting techniques, namely: racks for shooting, aiming, breathing, finger pressure on the trigger. Mastering these basics of the elements of shooting technique directly depends on quality and well-formed motor skills, which in the future will allow the athlete to achieve a high sports result.</p> Anatolii Lopatiev, Andrii Demichkovskyi Copyright (c) 2022 Anatolii Lopatiev, Andrii Demichkovskyi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.ltmjournal.com/e/article/view/56 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0300