Individualization of the Educational Process of Inclusive Physical Education of Students with Disabilities
Keywords:inclusive education, students with disabilities, physical education, cardiovascular tests, individual program
Background. The relevance of the study is due to the objective need to increase the effectiveness of РЕ for students with disabilities during their studies in higher education.
The study purpose was: of the article is to identify the effectiveness of the implementation of classes on inclusive physical education for students with disabilities according to the individual program.
Materials and methods. The experiment was attended by 30 students of Lviv Polytechnic National University with disabilities (with diseases of the nervous system) during a three-year physical education course, with equal numbers of female and male students participating. To determine the effectiveness of the program of physical education for students with disabilities (with diseases of the nervous system), cardiovascular tests have been used.
Results. From the standpoint of the general objectives of the study, the results of the experimental study showed the effectiveness of the individual approach in the choice of correctional and developmental means of inclusive physical education for students with disabilities. After the course, we observe stabilization with a tendency to regression of autonomic disorders, and improvement of peripheral hemodynamics, against the background of reducing the clinical manifestations of diseases of the nervous system in students of the study sample.
Conclusions. It is proved that the main reason for the introduction of an individualized approach to inclusive physical education of students with disabilities is the provision that this process should focus on the individual health of each student and the ability to eliminate existing deviations by physical education, and thus achieve the highest results in such activities. Analysis of research and educational practice gives grounds to conclude that such an approach in physical education, namely taking into account the individual characteristics of a contingent of students with disabilities, identifies new prospects for inclusive physical education of students in higher education in general.
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